# Tennis Court Dimensions & Diagrams

## Terms & Dimensions

Learn about the different parts of a tennis court and their dimensions. Click on a diagram label to jump to that term in the list.

### Total Court Size

A tennis court is 78 x 36 ft. (23.77 x 10.97 m) for Doubles play and 78 x 27 ft. (23.77 x 8.23 m) for Singles play.

• Court Length – 78 ft. (23.77 m)
• Court Width – 36 ft. (10.97 m)
• (Singles) Court Width – 27 ft. (8.23 m)
• Court Area – 2,808 sq. ft. (855.88 m)

Tennis courts require a clearance area surrounding the court, from the Baseline to the Backstop and Sidestop. Including this minimum clearance distance, a tennis court is 120 x 60 ft. (36.576 x 18.288 m) for international competition play or 114 x 56 ft. (34.747 x 17.069 m) for recreational and club play.

International competition play:

• Total Minimum Length – 120 ft. (36.576 m)
• Total Minimum Width – 60 ft. (18.288 m)
• Total Minimum Area– 7,200 sq. ft. (2,194.56 m)

Recreational and club play:

• Total Minimum Length – 114 ft. (34.747 m)
• Total Minimum Width – 56 ft. (17.069 m)
• Total Minimum Area– 6,384 sq. ft. (1,945.84 m)

### Baseline

The Baseline runs parallel to the net and defines the boundary of the court’s length. It measures 36 ft. (10.97 m) in Doubles play, and 27 ft. (8.23 m) in Singles play.

The width of the baseline must be a minimum of 1 in. (2.54 cm) and can be up to 4 in. (10.16 cm).

### Doubles Sideline

The Doubles Sideline runs perpendicular to the Net and Baselines and defines the boundary of the the court’s width in Doubles play. It measures 78 ft. (23.77 m).

### Singles Sideline

The Singles Sideline runs perpendicular to the Net and Baselines defines the boundary of the the court’s width in Singles play. It measures 78 ft. (23.77 m).

### Doubles Alley

The Doubles Alley is the area between the Singles Sideline and the Doubles Sideline. It measures 4.5 x (1.37 m) wide, and runs the length of the court on both sides. The Doubles Alley is only playable in Doubles play.

### Backcourt

The area between the Baseline and the Service Line is known as the Backcourt.

### Service Box

A tennis court has 4 Service Boxes. They are 21 ft. x 13.5 ft. (6.4 x 4.11 m), and are divided by the Net, the Service Line, and the Center Service Line.

The first serve of each game is made from the right side of the court behind the Baseline into your opponent’s Deuce Court Service Box (the Service Box to your left, and your opponent’s right). The next point’s serve is made to your opponent’s Ad Court Service Box (the Service Box to your right, and your opponent’s left). Each point thereafter alternates back and forth.

### Service Line

The Service Line runs parallel to the Net and defines the boundary of the length of the Service Boxes. It is 27 ft. (8.23 m) in length and only extends to the Singles Sideline.

### Center Service Line

The Center Service Line runs perpendicular to the Net and divides the Deuce Court Service Box from the Ad Court Service Box. It is 42 ft. (12.8 m) in total length.

### Center Mark

The Center (Centre) Mark is perpendicular to the Baseline and divides it in half. It is 4 in. (10 cm) in length and 2 in. (5 cm) wide. It defines the boundary of the area you must serve from and its center is 13.5 ft. (4.11 m) from the Singles Sideline.

When serving, you must stand (behind the Baseline) in between the Center Mark and the Singles Sideline of the appropriate side of the court.

### Net

The Net on a tennis court runs parallel to the Baseline and divides the court’s length in half. It is 42 ft. (12.8 m) in length and 3 ft. (.91 m) in width, making it 3 ft. (.91 m) high off the ground. It is held up by the Net Posts and extends 3 ft. (.91 m) past the Doubles Sidelines.

### Backstop

The Backstop is any wall, fencing, fabric, or other surface that encloses the court and runs parallel to the Baseline. It marks the edge of the length of the clearance area around the court.

The minimum required distance from the Baseline to the Backstop is 21 ft. (6.4 m) for international competition play, and 18 ft. (5.48 m) for recreational and club play.

### Sidestop

The Sidestop is any wall, fencing, fabric, or other surface that encloses the court and runs perpendicular to the Baseline. It marks the edge of the width of the clearance area around the court.

The minimum required distance from the Baseline to the Sidestop is 12 ft. (3.66 m) for international competition play, and 10 ft. (3.05 m) for recreational and club play.

- Roger Federer

## Tennis Court Diagram Images - Download & Print

Download or print these tennis court diagrams with dimensions and labels as JPG (.jpeg) or PDF (.pdf) files. Get the blank tennis court diagram if you're a coach or player looking to draw up plays. You could even get it printed on a dry erase whiteboard or transparency sheet, so you can draw up plays and easily erase them after.

## Tennis Court FAQs

#### What are the dimensions of a tennis court?

A tennis court is 78 ft. (23.77 m) long by 36 ft. (10.97 m) wide. For Singles play, the court is 27 ft. (8.23 m) wide, and excludes the Doubles Alley.

#### Are all tennis courts the same size?

Yes, all tennis courts are the same size. Tennis courts used in international competitions like Wimbledon and the French Open are the same size as recreational and club courts. The area around the court may differ from court to court. Also, some private or “backyard” tennis courts may be different sizes.

#### How much space do you need to build a tennis court?

For a single tennis court, you need an area of at least 120 feet x 60 feet (36.58 m x 18.29 m) or  7,200 square feet (2,194.56 square meters). The court itself requires an area of 78 ft. x  36 ft.(23.77 m x 10.97 m), and the extra space is used for distance between the court boundaries and the Backstops and Sidestops. Typically, a home with less than 1 acre of land doesn’t won’t have enough space to install a tennis court.

#### How wide are the lines on a tennis court?

Lines on a tennis court are usually 2 inches (5 cm) wide.

The Center Service Line and Center Mark are 2 inches (5 cm) wide. The Baseline may be up to 4 inches (10 cm) wide.

The other lines of the court can be between 1 inch (2.5 cm) and 2 inches (5 cm) wide. They are most often 2 inches (5 cm).

All court distance measurements are made to the outside edge of the lines.

#### What are tennis court surfaces made of?

Acrylic/Polyurethane – Textured, pigmented, resin-bound coating.

Artificial clay – Sand-dressed and/or rubber-dressed surface with the appearance of clay.

Artificial grass – Synthetic surface with the appearance of natural grass.

Asphalt – Bitumen-bound aggregate.

Carpet – Textile or polymeric material supplied in rolls or sheets of finished product

Concrete – Cement-bound aggregate.

Grass – Natural grass grown from seed.

Hybrid clay – Clay-dressed systems supported by a carpet matrix.

Other – E.g. modular systems (tiles), wood, canvas.

All surfaces may be porous or non-porous, with the exception of ‘Clay’ and ‘Grass’, which are always porous.

#### What is a Har-Tru court?

Har-Tru a very common clay court surface used in tennis courts. Learn more here.

#### Where do you serve in tennis?

When serving in tennis, you stand behind the baseline and in between the Singles Sideline and the Center Mark. The first serve of the game happens from the right side of the court into the left side of the court (opponent’s right side) into the Deuce Court Service Box. Each point after, you alternate between serving from the right and left sides of the court, into the Deuce Court and Ad Court Service Boxes, respectively.

#### How high should the ceilings be for indoor tennis courts?

Indoor tennis courts should have a ceiling height of at least 29.5 ft (9.0 m) at the Net, and 17.7 ft. (5.4 m) at the Baselines.

#### What shoes should you wear on a tennis court?

The shoes you should wear depends on the type of tennis court. In general, it’s acceptable to wear typical running shoes or other sneakers. But be aware that these shoes don’t support your foot as well as a shoe designed for playing tennis. Here is some more information on the best tennis shoes for playing tennis.